Hyper-v interview questions and answers

We are elaborate Hyper-v interview questions and answers which is mention below

Ques: -Basic requirement for install cluster

Ans:- DNS: The servers in the cluster must be using Domain Name System (DNS) for name resolution.

Domain role: All servers in the cluster must be in the same Active Directory domain, all clustered servers should have the same domain role.

Domain controllers: We recommend that your clustered servers be member servers. If they are, other servers will be the domain controllers in the domain that contains your failover cluster.

Clients:  the clients must be able to connect to the clustered servers

Account for administering the cluster: When you first create a cluster or add servers to it, you must be logged on to the domain with an account that has domain admin rights

Ques:- prerequisites to install hyper v


1-Microsoft recommend minimum of 1.4 GHz 64-bit virtualization enabled processor, we recommend at least 2 GHz processor for Hyper-V Server.

2- Minimum of 512 MB hard disk space to accommodate Hyper-V Server installation,

3- Minimum network adapter.one for management network and one for heart beat

Ques:- How to install hyper v


1-Server Manager, on the Manage menu, click Add Roles and Features.

2-After that click role based. Click Next.

3-After that select a server from the server pool and then click next.

4- After that click hyper v and then click Next.

5- After that select network

6-After that hyper console is open

Ques: What is Hyper-V?


1-Hypervisor technology is service on which multiple virtual machines can run

2-Hyper-V provides the functionality to create a virtualization layer over the physical layer of the host server machine

3-Microsoft’s Hyper-V is a virtualization component that allows for the creation and management of hardware virtualized computing environments through the use of VMs to run multiple operating systems on one physical server.

Ques:  Where does Hyper-V place the files and settings for VMs

Ans: Default location of the Vm is C:\Users\Public\Documents\Hyper-V\Virtual Hard Disks.But we can change the location using hyper v setting

Ques:- Type of quorum

Ans: Type of quorum

1-Node majority – Each node in the cluster has a vote

2-Node and disk majority – Each node in the cluster has a vote as does a shared disk

3-Node and file share majority – Each node in the cluster has a vote as does a file share (the file share witness)

4-Disk only – Only a shared disk has a vote

Ques: The key features of Microsoft Hyper-V?

Ans: key features of Microsoft Hyper-V is

1-64-bit supported hypervisor-based virtualization.

2-it is ability to run 32-bit and 64-bit virtual machines.

3-Uniprocessor and multiprocessor virtual machines supported.

4-Virtual machine snapshots, which capture the state, data, and hardware configuration of a running virtual machine. Because snapshots record system states, you can revert the virtual machine to a previous state when is face some problem.

5-Large virtual machine memory support.

6-Virtual local area network (VLAN) support.

Ques: What is csv file in hyper v


1-CSVs allow a cluster of Hyper-V servers to share a set of disks or volumes

2-Any host in the cluster can access any of the shared disks

3-Without CSV, a failover cluster allows a given disk (LUN) to be accessed by only one node at a time

Ques:-What are Hyper-V Integration Components?


1-Integration components install agents into a VM that enable a host to successfully back up a VM, recognize when it has gone down, copy and paste data into and out of a VM

2-synchronize its clock to the host.

3-Hyper-V integration components will be delivered directly to virtual machines using Windows Update

Ques :- What are the prerequisites to install and use Hyper-V?


1-An x64-based processor

2-Hardware-assisted virtualization (Intel VT) or AMD Virtualization (AMD-V)

3-Data Execution Prevention (DEP) must be available

Ques:- What type of disk controller would you In Hyper-V VM

Ans:- There are three type of disk controller in Hyper virtual machine

IDE devices

SCSI devices


Ques:-Where can you manage Hyper-V hosts from remotely?

Ans:- We can manage the hyper V using Hyper-V Manager.

Ques:-How do you monitor the performance of your VMs?

Ans:- We can monitor the performance of your VMs  with different method

1-Hyper-V Performance Monitor Tool (PowerShell)

2- Perfom

Ques:-Types of networks in Hyper-V

Ans:- There are three type of networks in Hyper-V

1-Private Virtual Network:- This type of switch is bound to the physical network cards located in the host.

2-Internal Virtual Network:- This switch is not bound to a physical network card so only allows traffic between VMs and the host

3-External Virtual Network:- This type of switch is only used for virtual machines to communicate with each other

Ques :- What are the system requirements for Hyper-V?

Ans:-Basic Requirement for Hyper v Installation:-

1-64-bit Processor

2-Hardware Virtulization supported ((Intel VT) or AMD Virtualization (AMD-V))

3-Minimum of 4 GB memory

Ques:- What is type of files of the vm in hyper v machine


1-.XML files:- These files contain the virtual machine configuration details.  There is one of these for each virtual machine and each snapshot of a virtual machine.  They are always named with the GUID used to internally identify the virtual machine or snapshot in question.

2-.BIN files:- This file contains the memory of a virtual machine or snapshot that is in a saved state.

3-.VSV files:- This file contains the saved state from the devices associated with the virtual machine.

4-.VHD files:- These are the virtual hard disk files for the virtual machine

5-.AVHD files:-These are the differencing disk files used for virtual machine snapshots

Ques:-What is Virtual Machine Snapshots.

Ans:- 1-A virtual machine snapshot is copied of virtual machine (VM) at a specified time

2-A virtual machine snapshot allows a VM to be restored at state of snapshot creation.

3-Snapshots require adequate storage space. Snapshots are stored as .avhd files in the same location at the virtual hard disk.

Ques:-How do you change that Hyper-V files and setting locations

Ans:– Default location of the Hyper-V files

C:\Users\Public\Documents\Hyper-V\­Virtual Hard Disks


Hyper-V Manager, as a property of the server itself. Do this by right-clicking on the server and selecting Hyper-V Settings, then changing both the path for Virtual Hard Disks and the path for Virtual Machines

Ques: -How do you export a Hyper-V VM. tell the method?


1-Gio to the Hyper V manager

2-right click on VM and select export option

3-browse the location where we save the machine

Ques:-What are benefits using CSV?


1-Multiple clustered virtual machines can use the same LUN while still being able to fail over from one node to another node independently

2-Instead, the free space on a Cluster Shared Volume can be used by any VHD file on that LUN.

3-virtual machine can have VHD files accessed by any node in the cluster

4-Hyper-V supports the Live Migration of virtual machines (VMs) using CSV

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Thanks for sharing the question.


very helpful question for interview